Gay & Bisexual Men
In Louisiana the predominant exposure category among males continues to be gay and bisexual men (GBM), accounting for majority of HIV case in Louisiana.
Nationally, MSM account for almost half of the one million people living with HIV and two-thirds of all new HIV
infections in the US each year. In 2015, MSM accounted for 67% of all new HIV diagnoses across the US and MSM/
IDU accounted for an additional 3% of new HIV diagnoses.
African American Women
Black women are disproportionately affected by AIDS. In the 1980’s, during the beginning of the HIV epidemic, the majority of new HIV infections and AIDS diagnoses occurred among males. Since then, the number of new diagnoses has increased among the female population. In the US, over one quarter of all new HIV/AIDS diagnoses occur in women, majority of which are Black women. In Louisiana, more than a third of all new HIV infections occur in women, and of those cases, most are Black women.
Hispanics/Latinos made up 17% of the population of the United States but in 2011 accounted for 21% of diagnoses of HIV infection.
Transgender / GNC
There is very little known about the rates of HIV and STDs among transgender females and people who are GNC (gender non-conforming). Efforts are underway to collect better information about transgender females and GNC and in the future more will be known. Nationally, there is also little information but there are studies that give some information.
In 2013, people aged 55 and older accounted for more than one-quarter (26%, or 319,900) of the estimated 1.2 million people living with diagnosed or undiagnosed HIV infection in the United States.
African American Men
In 2015, the HIV diagnosis rate among black males was more than five times greater than the rate for white males, and was almost double the rate for Hispanic/Latino males.
Young people, between the ages of 15 to 24, account for 50% of all new STDs, although they represent just 25% of the sexually experienced population.
Because straight men are not the populations mostly heavily impacted by HIV, many straight men do not believe they are at risk of becoming infected or infecting their partner. As a result, they may feel they do not need to be safe or to be tested. This can be a dangerous misconception. Anyone who is sexually active needs to be educated about HIV, take precautions to protect themselves, and to be tested for HIV on a regular basis
STDs are harmful, especially to women. STDs that are not treated can cause cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and other health problems. If a pregnant woman has an STD, it can harm her baby’s health. Having an STD also can increase a woman’s risk of getting HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.